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Tree and Shrub Watering Tips

tree and shrub watering tipsAny tree or shrub planted less than 12 months ago is susceptible to dry conditions and should be monitored for drought stress. Understanding how to properly water new trees and shrubs  is important to ensure survival and optimize growing conditions for your recently installed plant material.  Most established trees and shrubs in the landscape are more drought tolerant on their own and should not need supplemental irrigation except during summer droughts or other periods of very dry weather.

How often should I water a new tree?

When watering new trees and shrubs, spread out the watering between 3 or 4 watering cycles per week. New plantings should be irrigated immediately after installation and then every other day or so for the first couple of weeks. From then on for the next year, the trees and shrubs should be watered every 3-4 days, depending on natural rainfall. Aim to delivery the equivalent of 1” of rainfall  per week, spread out over several watering sessions.

When is the best time of day to water new trees?

Early morning watering is the best time to water trees and shrubs. This will reduce the amount of water lost to evaporation in the heat of the day and allow the foliage to dry before nightfall. Ideally, water is delivered through a drip irrigation system to the root zone of the plant material only. If sprinklers are used, watering in the morning will allow the foliage to dry before nightfall. Continuously wet foliage over night can lead to fungus and other problems.

How much water should I give a new tree?

Exactly how much water you give a new tree depends on the size of the tree. When watering new trees, aim for the equivalent of at least an inch of rain water a week, delivered to the root zone of the plant. It is best to water a few times a week, but thoroughly, as opposed to a light watering every day.  The goal is to allow the water to soak as deep into the soil as possible to establish deep root growth, not surface root growth that will happen with frequent light waterings. Again, a drip irrigation system or soaker hose is the best way to deliver water slowly and allow it to soak into the soil instead of running off and draining away. 

What do I do if I notice wilting or the tips of the leaves turning brown?

If you notice wilting or browning of the leaves on a new tree or shrub, this may mean the tree needs more water. Aim to provide the tree about an inch of water per week to keep the plant material thriving and healthy. Over watering is just as bad for a tree or shrub as no water, so be sure you are delivering the correct amount of water in the absence of rainfall.

Need help caring for your trees or have any more questions about  landscaping maintenance? Contact J&J Landscape Management, Inc. today!

Watering New Sod Tips

sod watering tipsUnderstanding how to water new sod is essential for the care of your landscape. The number one reason why a sod installation is not successful is lack of water. The following provides tips on how to best water new sod.

How often should you water new sod?

 New sod should be watered every two days, ensuring that the soil under the sod gets water. This will encourage proper deep root growth. During the very hot and dry summer months, this watering should be increased to every day. After the sod takes root, which is about two or three weeks, the watering can be reduced to two or three times a week. This will provide about an inch of water per week.

When is the best time to water new sod?

 When new sod is laid down, it should be watered within the next thirty minutes. During the first initial weeks while the sod is growing its roots, the best time to water new sod is in the morning or late evening. It is best to avoid watering new sod in the mid afternoon to prevent the water from evaporating in the heat rather than absorbing in the soil.

Can you over water new sod?

Yes, you can over water new sod. Overwatering new sod will prevent the roots from establishing a strong foundation and could cause the grass roots to rot. If you notice your sod is soggy and not absorbing the water you have given it, let the sod dry out until the top of the soil is dry.

After watering your new sod, you should continue to monitor it closely for the first year until the root system has fully developed. For more information on proper sod care and other landscaping tips, contact J&J Landscape Management, Inc. 

Tips for Watering Annual Flower Beds

annual bed watering tipsAnnual flower beds are a beautiful addition to your landscape. A properly irrigated and fertilized annual flower bed can brighten your property in the summer. However, without the proper care, your annual water beds can become less pleasing to look at. The following provides you with tips for watering your annual flower bed, so you can ensure your landscape is flourishing with vibrant colors this summer. 

How often should I water my annual flowers?

Annual flower beds should be watered every other day throughout the summer in order to thrive and consistently bloom. This is especially important because annual flower beds present the greatest challenge during periods of drought. The very nature of their growing season means that they do not have an established root system to survive without adequate rainfall.

How much water do annual flower beds need?

Annual flower beds should be provided with about an inch of water each week. Ensure you are providing enough water for the soil to become moist about two to three inches deep. It is important to provide the proper amount of water so it can absorb into the flower bed. 

How do I know when my annual flower bed needs water?

You will know when your annual flower beds need water when the top two to three inches of soil are dry and crumbly or if the flowers begin to wilt. If your topsoil of the annual flower bed is dry, you should immediately water the annual flower bed. A good annual fertilizer will also help the annual flower bed reach full potential.

Have more questions about flower bed maintenance? Contact J&J Landscape Management, Inc. to get more information today.

For a Free Consultation Call 703-823-2725
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